การฟื้นฟูและเสริมความเข้มแข็งชาวเลราไวย์ (UNDP-COVID)

Effects during the Covid-19 pandemic: According to Chao Lay’s living zone is in the Andaman tourist area. Most of the ‘Chao Lay’ rely on natural resources both for basic living and income. Other work in the tourism industry such as hotel staff, driving a boat, diving, and selling local products. When the outbreak of Covid-19 leads to guarantee period and shuts down all tourism business these also have greatly affected to Chao Lay as follows 

  1. Chao Lay who works in the tourism sector can’t afford rice due to low income and have no savings. 
  2. Chao Lay have fishing as a means of living are suffering as there are not many people buying or they may buy less.
  3. After the announcement of lockdown all islands are isolated, Chao Lay in Koh Lan, Koh Chang, Phi Phi Island, Phi Phi Island, Adang Island, Koh Jum Island, Lanta Island have no, or even rice.  
  4. Chao Lay in national parks like Surin Island who work as staff in national parks has no income during the lockdown. According to the National Park Act, B.E. 2562 (2019) does not allow people to fish for sale. These cause long term effects on Chao Lay’s especially their income. The new Park Act of banning selling will have a similar affected in every national park areas.
  5. For Chao Lay in Rawai, Phuket province not only lack of income but also has to fight lawsuits against private sectors who try to evict ‘Chao Lay’ out from their homeland over 20 cases. 
  6. Most of the Chao Lay cannot access register for 5,000-baht monthly compensation scheme from the government because of the lack of literacy. 
  7. In general Chao Lay live together in a packed communities groups. Houses are crowded and vulnerable to an epidemic easily, for example, Chao Lay in Rawai, Lao Island and Phi Phi Island, that are at risk of disease spreading.
  8. Chao Lay in Ranong province over 400 people are stateless people who do not hold Thai citizenship (ID card) causing them unable to access any rights as Thai. 

 

Chumchontai Foundation works with partners in the public sectors, private sectors, media, civil society, and academic institutions for more than 10 years. The main purpose is to strengthen the community and ethnic network of Chao Lay to be able to participate in problem solving and self-improvement including co-driving for policy and communication for a better understanding of the public society. 

 

The problem of ethnic groups is a structural problem that is affected by unbalanced development collected from many governments both tourism promotion policies and the announcement of conservation areas. Then causing Chao Lay to not have any rights in the resource being neglected or violated until becoming a fragile group in which the way of life, culture is radically changing. Despite a cabinet resolution on restoring Chao Lay’s lifestyle, a supportive constitution and Thailand assures international standards focusing on SDGs (inclusiveness: no one left behind) still the problems of Chao Lay have not yet been solved. Because it is a structural problem that is quite complicated for the organization or any department can solve by themselves. Therefore these require the participation process, both from relevant departments and Chao Lay as well to be consistent with the context in the area. Finally, here is Strengthening ethnic groups ‘Chao Lay’ to drive laws and policies in culture protected areas. 

Objectives

  1. To strengthen communities and ethnic network of Chao Lay
  2. To support the resolution of land issues and urgent issues
  3. To support driving the law / Cultural Protection Area Policy

 

Target

Ethnic groups ‘Chao Lay’ in 46 communities, 13,444 people in 5 provinces: Phuket, Phang Nga, Satun, Ranong, and Krabi. 

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